Penetration testing is a type of security evaluation in which a system, network, or software application is tested in order to identify security weaknesses, it assists in determining the security posture of the target IT assets and their configurations. In summary, penetration testing aids in identifying potential security flaws that an attacker could exploit.
“Pen testers” are human-driven assessments of a company’s security. An organization will engage a pen tester or several pen testers to discover and exploit vulnerabilities in its network environment. It is common that the objectives of these engagements will be used to determine whether a test is a success or failure.
The Tools Required For A Successful Pen Test
- Port scanners:
Port scanners are among the most useful tools to have when commencing a security investigation on any remote or local network.
- Vulnerability scanners:
Vulnerability scanners are useful tools for searching for and reporting on known vulnerabilities in an organization’s IT infrastructure. Using just a vulnerability scanner is a subtle but effective security model from which any organisation can benefit.
- Network sniffer:
A Packet Sniffer is a tool that can assist you in evaluating whether or not packets are being sent, received, and arrived safely on your network, but it can also do so much more!
- Password cracker:
Password cracking software aids in the recovery of lost passwords. A password cracking app can help you recover a password that you have forgotten or that has been hacked. To recover passwords, the tools employ a variety of techniques.
Password cracking is the process of acquiring passwords from a password hash. This can be performed in a variety of ways:
- Dictionary attack:
There are several ways to crack passwords from a hash. Dictionary attack: It’s easy for a password cracker to find many passwords simply by substituting! For the majority of passwords are derived from dictionary attacks.
- Brute-force guessing attack:
There are only so many possible passwords of a given length. While time-consuming, a brute-force attack (trying all possible password combinations) ensures that an attacker will eventually crack the password.
- Hybrid attack:
These two techniques are combined in a hybrid attack. It begins by attempting to crack a password using a dictionary attack, then moves on to a brute-force attack if that fails.
The Top Penetration Testing Tools
The Network Mapper (Nmap) is a programme that can be used to explore a network or system. Nmap comes pre-loaded with a wealth of knowledge in the form of a wide range of scan types. These various types of scans are intended to circumvent defenses or detect distinguishing characteristics that can be used to identify specific operating systems or applications.
The only commercial tool on this list is Nessus. It is available from Tenable under a variety of licensing models. The number of IPs that can be scanned is limited in the free version, whereas paid licenses allow unlimited scans and the deployment of multiple scanners.
Wireshark is without a doubt the best network sniffing tool available. Wireshark includes a large number of protocol dissectors that allow it to identify and decipher various types of network traffic. To assist in identifying packets of interest, the Wireshark GUI labels each field of a network packet and includes built-in traffic coloring, filtering, and connection following.
- Burp Suite
Burp Suite is a set of application security testing tools created by Portswigger. Burp Proxy, their web proxy, is probably the most well-known of these tools.
Pen testing may be a good way to start cybersecurity initiatives for resource-constrained organisations, but it cannot be used as a one-size-fits-all solution. Internal-facing system threats are frequently underestimated as well.
However, if you are thinking of cyber security services for your business or have any queries related, you can reach out for experts at Cyber Security Hive Team, for immense service.
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