What is Application Security Testing?
The aim of application security testing is to recognize the various threats in your system by identifying its vulnerabilities. To prevent your order from being exploited, the application security is tested using various security aspects. Application security testing is categorized into two: security scanning tools and runtime protection tools. Security scanning tools are used to remove vulnerabilities while applications are still in development. Runtime protection tools are used when applications are in production and are considered an extra layer of protection, not an alternative to scanning.
The principle behind the application testing is identifying weaknesses and loopholes in the system that can cause damages to businesses. Like :
- Reputation loss.
- Loss of data
- Loss of revenue
Why is Application Security Important?
According to the reports published by the 2016 Breach Level Index, the United States had cases of 728 data breaches. Most businesses have considered opting for the adoption of application security. The fundamentals of security testing are undoubtedly a vital part of application testing. The use of different types of testing processes enables you to enhance the functionality of the applications. The main focus of using application security is to ensure the safety and security of apps.
Guarantees the security of sensitive information
Sensitive information protection is a major concern for most people, which is why they are reluctant to share their personal information online. Therefore, many organizations go to great lengths to assure their customers, clients, or end-users that their personal information is safe from a third party. This is a common practice in the retail industry.
Increases consumer trust
There is a surge in demand for security at both levels .The earlier you can discover and resolve security issues, the better it is for the safety of your business . Organizations that have managed to oversee this issue have seen a spike in increased sales, improved consumer loyalty, and a better reputation, all due to the implementation of the best security practices.
Helps prevent potential attacks
Application security testing can expose vulnerabilities at the application level, which when patched helps to prevent further attacks. Similarly, when integrated into your application development settings, application security tools can simplify workflow and make the process more efficient. These tools are helpful for performing compliance audits. It saves time and money by identifying issues before cyber attackers notice them.
Different Types of Application Security Testing
Testing the application security with the purpose of identifying and eliminating security hacks is vital if you have launched an application.
Static Application Security Testing (SAST):
Since SAST is a form of white-box testing, testers in SAST, are very much familiar with how the code has been developed.SAST also makes code fixes for the vulnerabilities that it encounters which results in a good amount of friction removed from web applications. SAST can even help in testing weaknesses and problems and the answer is reported back in seconds.
The technologys identifies flaws such as SQL injection, Cross-Site Scripting, and Cross-Site Request Forgery as early in the software development lifecycle.
Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST):
DAST is a form of black-box security testing in which the testers do not know the architecture or underlying components of an application. Also, DAST checks for vulnerabilities when an application is in run-time. It attempts to penetrate an application from the outside by checking its exposed interfaces for vulnerabilities. DAST is a very crucial security testing procedure as it works in a way that can investigate applications while they are running.
The fact that there are vulnerabilities and threats growing at a rapid scale is the only reason why businesses consider deploying DAST. The dynamic part in DAST comes due to the fact that the test is performed in a dynamic environment.
Interactive Application Security Testing (IAST):
IAST scans an application’s source code in a dynamic environment. Testing occurs in real-time while the application is running. Since IAST analyzes source code, testing are able to identify the lines of code which are problematic and notify the developer for immediate action. IAST can be incorporated into the CI/CD pipeline. It is highly scalable. It can be either automated or performed by a human tester.
Manual Application Penetration Testing:
DAST or SAST Tools are used to perform Penetration testing. Basically, manual penetration testing is a simulation of an attack against a running application. It is the most common practice for web application security. It is called Pen-Testing.